Keratoconus is a progressive eye disorder characterized by the thinning and bulging of the cornea, the clear front surface of the eye. Keratoconus may progress slowly over time. It is thought that a combination of genetic predisposition and external factors like eye rubbing, eye allergies, collagen disorders may contribute to the development of keratoconus.
The impact of keratoconus can be significant and may vary depending on the severity of the condition. In addition to the visual impact, keratoconus can have a psychological and emotional impact on individuals.
It’s common symptoms include blurred or distorted vision, increased sensitivity to light, glare, and frequent changes in eyeglass or contact lens prescription.
While the primary concern with keratoconus is the visual impairment, there are several additional risks associated with this condition. These include:
Keratoconus management involves a range of treatment options aimed at improving vision, slowing down the progression of the condition, and maximizing visual acuity. The management approach may vary depending on the severity of keratoconus and individual patient factors. Certain symptoms which are treated in Keratoconus management are blurred or distorted vision, frequent changes in eyeglass prescription, increased sensitivity to light, poor night vision, and eye irritation and discomfort.
Depending on the stage of progression various treatment modalities are available. These include some common Keratoconus management strategies:
They may be advised in early cases which may be either soft contact lenses, hybrid lenses, piggy- back lenses, scleral lenses or Rose K lenses.