Did you know that around 300 million people globally suffer from Dry Eye Syndrome? In India, the prevalence of dry eye disease will be about 40% of the urban population by 2030. Early Diagnosis and dry eye treatment are essential.
Dry eye is a common condition that occurs when the eyes are unable to produce sufficient tears or there is excessive evaporation of tears. It is characterized by symptoms such as dryness, redness, irritation, and a gritty sensation in the eyes. This condition can affect people of all ages, but it is more prevalent among older individuals and those who spend significant time in environments with low humidity or air conditioning and it is common in people who work on digital devices for a long time.
Technically speaking, in dry eye, the obstruction or malfunction of the meibomian glands disrupts the normal balance of the tear film. It leads to an insufficient lipid layer. As a result, tears evaporate more quickly. This excessive evaporation of tears (which is a cause of 86% of Dry eye) is caused by the obstruction or malfunction of the Meibomian glands. This evaporation imbalance can cause dryness, discomfort, and other symptoms associated with dry eye.
The tear film in the cornea is formed by three layers necessary for the eye’s functioning. The tear film plays a vital role in maintaining the health and comfort of the eyes. It consists of three layers: the lipid layer, aqueous layer, and mucin layer. Each layer contributes to tear stability, lubrication, and protection of the ocular surface.
There are also potential risks associated with this condition. Some of the further risks of dry eye disease include:
The specific dry eye treatment that is recommended may vary depending on the underlying cause and the severity of the symptoms.
Dry eye treatment is typically recommended for people who experience irritation, redness, and blurred vision for an extended period.
Dry eye symptoms occur mainly due to various factors, including aging, certain medications, environmental factors, and medical conditions.
There are several solutions for the dry eye problem, from artificial tears (eye drops) to a modern way of therapeutic treatments. Professional Dry eye diagnosis should always be made by the Ophthalmologist with reliable tests, thus avoiding self-diagnosis at home and treatment “over the counter.” The ophthalmologist will consider several parameters and the correct treatments for each case. This includes the modern and professional assessment of dry eye.
1. Eye Drops: Also known as Artificial tears, or prescription eye drops that provide temporary relief by supplementing natural tears. They help lubricate the eyes, reduce dryness, and relieve discomfort.
2. Eye gels and ointments are thicker and provide longer-lasting lubrication compared to regular eye drops. Eye gels contain a higher concentration of lubricating ingredients which provide a thicker and more viscous consistency. Gels are commonly used before bedtime or in situations where longer-lasting lubrication is required.
Modern therapeutic treatments includes Dry Eye Wand, IPL laser, and Lipiflow.
3. Dry Eye Wand: It is the latest treatment modality for dry eyes which provides heat, vibration and IR to the lower kids to stimulate the meibomian glands and it provides heat and vibration to the upper lid for the same
4. Eye light (Intense Pulse Light Laser): This equipment uses two medical technologies in synergy to optimize the result.
OPE® (IPL) is a polychromatic light that, due to thermal pulses, stimulates the meibomian glands to resume normal activities. Applied to the periorbital areas and cheekbone, it stimulates the contraction of the glands, increasing the lipid stream and reducing the evaporation of tears.
LIGHT MODULATION® (LLLT) is a unique technology of photobiomodulation used for many years in various fields of medicine (dermatology, dentistry, etc.). Emitting a particular light of a specific wavelength triggers endogenous heating of the eyelids.
This treatment eases the spill from the meibomian glands of the tear film’s oily
5. Lipiflow (vectored thermal pulsation): It’s another treatment for dry eye. It, also known as vectored thermal pulsation (VTP) treatment, is an advanced and effective procedure for managing dry eye, particularly those caused by meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD). It is a non-invasive in-office treatment that targets the underlying cause of dry eye by improving the function of the meibomian glands.
During a LipiFlow treatment session, a device is used to gently apply mild heat and pressure to the inner eyelids. It simultaneously provides intermittent pressure to the outer eyelids. This combination of heat and pressure helps to melt and liquefy the hardened meibum, unclogging the blocked meibomian glands and allowing the healthy flow of oil to resume. Gentle massaging of the eyelids is done for 12 minutes. It helps remove blockages from the meibomian glands and makes them function better.
There have been numerous patients who have undergone treatment with us and have been supremely satisfied with the results. They have had a pleasant, pain-free experience. It has relieved them from their dry eyes and allowed them to be drop-free.