This is a corneal disorder in which there is progressive thinning of the cornea along with increased curvature of the cornea. This may result in blurry vision, double vision, nearsightedness, astigmatism, and light sensitivity. Usually both eyes are affected. In more severe cases a scarring or a circle may be seen within the cornea.
The patient may notice frequent change in glasses and visit the doctor who then does a few tests including mapping the shape of the cornea.
Depending on the stage of progression of the disorder various treatment modalities are available. These include-
They may be advised in early cases which may be either soft contact lenses, hybrid lenses, piggy- back lenses, scleral lenses or Rose K lenses.
Procedures in the form of Corneal Collagen Cross Linking or Ring Implants (Intrastromal Corneal Ring Segments) can also be done. Cross linking surgery can be performed to halt the progression of the disorder and stabilize the cornea. This can be done along with a laser procedure to reshape the cornea or without a laser procedure depending on the need of the patient.
Dr. Ritika Dalal performs these surgeries and can help clarify any doubts.